Renovation of the former school building in Czuchleby

Location: Czuchleby

Built-up area: 214,25 m²

Area: 6 200 m²

Hardened surface area: 348.70 m²

Biologically active surface area: 5,386.81 m²

Number of parking spaces: 2 units.

The Primary School building in Czuchleby, due to economic and financial transformations, could no longer serve its original function. It is a wooden structure made from pine logs in a rare block construction with posts known as “sumiki.” The building had very harmonious proportions and from the outside resembled a small manor house or forester’s lodge. It was set on broken field stones mortared with a clay-lime mix. The exterior was clad with wooden boards and featured well-proportioned, small, six-pane wooden windows. It was covered with a hip roof with dormers, entirely clad in metal. Inside, the walls were plastered over reed mats. The ceiling insulation was made of “polepa,” a mixture of clay and chaff. This was a very old and once popular method for protection against cold, heat, and fire.

In its immediate surroundings, there are spruces, old apple trees, a row of mulberries, and a hornbeam hedge. The school building became a part of the Czuchleby village landscape and was emotionally connected to its residents.

The wooden floors were dismantled, and the foundations were reinforced with reinforced concrete. Subfloor water, sewage, and central heating installations were laid out and covered with a concrete screed. A wooden frame structure was built inside, insulating the walls with mineral wool. The original layout of the rooms was changed to adapt to its new function. A new staircase, two toilets, and a kitchen were built. The attic was divided into living rooms equipped with individual bathrooms. One of the rooms also has a kitchen area.

To reference the original character of the school rooms, the frame was clad with boards in a pattern similar to lime-washed beams. In some areas, the old beams were exposed in display niches. A fireplace with a modern insert and hot air distribution was made from dismantled tiled stoves. The floors were covered with oak parquet in a traditional row pattern reminiscent of old manor house floors. Similarly, the floor in the hall was made of cut brick, referencing the brick floors in old kitchens.

The window joinery was replaced, replicating the old six-pane divisions of the glass.

The building was expanded by adding a boiler room with technical facilities to the west. To the north, a porch supported by four decorative posts was added. To the south, a modern, glazed conservatory with a ground terrace and a ramp for the disabled was added, made with a steel structure. Both the terrace and the conservatory have concrete foundations faced with broken field stone. The floors and external stairs were lined with cut field stone, thus referencing traditional materials used in rural construction. All parts of the building except the conservatory were reclad with boards.

On the school grounds, an old original wooden granary was used to build a shelter for cars and bicycles. The original earth cellar was also preserved. The fence facing the road has wooden pickets on a stone base.

The surrounding garden adapted the original greenery and opened up visually to the fields.